4 most common sleeping medications on the market

Some know them by their generic names, others according to their composition. In any case, without a recipe or with it, sleeping pills have become medicines with considerable demand.

When buying them, a considerable number of patients are unaware of the dosage, contraindications or adverse effects of consuming them. In this case, this information will be addressed by taking as reference the sleeping pills that are most bought worldwide.


From the benzodiazepine group, Clonazepam responds to the commercial names of Diocam, Klonopin, Kriadex, Paxam, Rivotril or Clonagin. It is a sedative drug that acts as a treatment for insomnia, sleep disorders, anxiety, and seizures.

Clonazepam is, together with Alprazolam (Xanax), the most popular and commercialized insomnia drug in the world, especially in the United States and some European countries.

This drug is consumed under medical prescription and, among its adverse ones, it can be mentioned: dizziness, difficulty coordinating, nausea, kidney problems or incontinence, irritability, blurred vision, among others. As an anxiolytic and benzodiazepine medication, Clonazepam can cause dependence, so it is recommended to take it wisely.


In all pharmaceutical industries, this compound responds to the name of Xanax. However, other generic nomenclatures for Alprazolam are Nivaram or Trankimazin. It is a benzodiazepine prescribed to deal with severe anxiety problems and mild/moderate depressive conditions.

In the context of anxiolytics, Xanax is the one that rebounds the most as a neurological treatment. It is usually taken in doses of 0.25 milligrams or 0.5 milligrams, once or twice a day – according to medical prescription.

Being part of the benzodiazepine group, this drug also generates moderate or severe addiction. Also, among its side effects are also ataxia (or lack of coordination), drowsiness, brain weakness, vertigo, apathy, and hostility.

As a potent compound for the treatment of insomnia and sleep problems, it is recommended to take the minimum dose and always under medical supervision.


Although it is popular as a cough treatment and as an analgesic, Codeine, which response to the trade names Toseina, Nidol, Fudan, Histaverin and Complex, is an alkaloid that also functions like a narcotic and antitussive.

It is an oral administration drug, usually presented in tablets or syrups, rarely as a solution. Its recommended dose for adult patients is 60 milligrams, every 12 hours or as directed by the doctor.

Since its effect is not directly enhanced to treat insomnia, codeine does not cause dependence. However, among its adversaries, it is possible to name: constipation, fatigue or excitement (according to the patient’s neurological picture) and loss of appetite. Any reaction that leaves this table must be treated quickly.

An important consideration when consuming codeine is to avoid mixing it with other opiates (morphine) since the effect can cause instability and extreme drowsiness.


Like the first two, Diazepam belongs to the benzodiazepine group and is, consequently, a generic treatment to treat anxiety and insomnia. Its most popular name is Valium, although it is also possible to get it as Gobanal or Neurol.

The recommended dosage to administer Valium is in tablets of 5 or 10 milligrams, before bedtime. However, this may change according to use, since Diazepam also works as a treatment of spasticity and alcoholism.

The common adverse factor will be drowsiness, as well as irritability and lack of concentration. It is a drug that can generate dependence, so it is not recommended to use more than 60 days.

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