Advantages, disadvantages and adverse effects of sleeping pills

For all evil, a solution. Or at least that is what the medical industry is trying to develop as time progresses. One of the most common evils of this era is a sleep disorder, or insomnia, which has opened a whole market of sleeping pills with different compounds and actions.

Within the group, benzodiazepines are the most common. A wide range of sleeping pills, such as Clonazepam or Alprazolam, belong to this group. Therefore, it will be explained below how the sleeping pills developed based on benzodiazepine work, as well as their advantages, disadvantages and side effects.

What is benzodiazepine?

The benzodiazepine compounds, or dry benzodiazepine, is a drug used to decrease neuronal stimulation and stimulate drowsiness in the brain. Therefore, it is the fastest and most effective way to incite sleep when suffering from disorders such as insomnia.

Although its popular use is as sleeping pills, benzodiazepine also works as an anxiolytic, treatment against schizophrenia or psychomotor over-exaltation. In short, it is a suppressor of neuronal activity.

The benzodiazepine can be of the water-soluble or liposoluble type and its release and action be fast or slow. Sometimes, the dosage determines how fast it acts, but its power levels must also be considered.

One of the drugs made with a benzodiazepine is Diazepam, a liposoluble that, although it acts excellently as a sleeping pill, is of low potency and does not cause serious dependence on the person who ingests it.

Currently, drugs such as Clonazepam or Alprazolam are the most commercialized type of Benzodiazepine under the names of Xanax or Valium. However, names vary by location.


The strength of sleeping pills made with a benzodiazepine is that they have a general tolerance among patients. This means that its effects, while notable, do not deteriorate the physical state of the person who consumes it.

This type of sleeping pills also has the incredible advantage of its performance, fast and efficient, capable of regulating and eliminating any sleep disorder, regardless of its cause.


The implacability of benzodiazepine as a treatment against insomnia also brings some drawbacks. However, nothing stands out more like the dependency states that it generates when consumed for a long time, or in wrong doses.

The alteration of psychological levels is also a disadvantage of this drug, especially when the dose is exceeded.

Side effects

For patients who take or are about to start treatment with sleeping pills made with benzodiazepine, the situations to be treated are:

  • Continuous sleepiness
  • Problems to coordinate and lack of concentration
  • Irritability and sensitivity to noise, especially ultrasound.
  • Dizziness and nausea
  • Memory loss and reduced motor capacity
  • Cognitive deficit.

It is also proven that prolonged consumption of benzodiazepine also creates symptoms of depression and flu-related symptoms. Therefore, it can be deduced that it inhibits the immune system.


To avoid falling into clinical dependency, patients should take the prescribed doses, for a certain time and gradually leave them. Most should not consume benzodiazepines for more than 60 continuous days, resulting in the body detoxifying this component.

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